What are the major art movements?

What are the major art movements?

The Renaissance

Modern art is frequently credited with having its roots in the Renaissance. The traditional artwork of the Middle Ages gave way to the realism and creativity of the Renaissance during this time, marking a significant change in how art was created and regarded. Many of the most well-known Renaissance artists, including Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, produced iconic works of art that are still highly regarded today.

The Mona Lisa – 1503–1506

Leonardo da Vinci
The Creation of Adam – 1508–1512



One of the most well-known art movements of the 19th century is impressionism. It first appeared in the paintings of Claude Monet and other French artists who aimed to depict the influences of light and color. Naturalistic situations of ordinary life are frequently depicted in the paintings of Impressionism, which are distinguished by their soft, blurred lines and brilliant, bold colours.

Impression, Soleil Levant – 1872

Claude Monet
Bal du moulin de la Galette – 1876

Pierre-Auguste Renoir


Early in the 20th century, a modern art movement called expressionism was started. It emerged as an alternative to traditional art, attempting to convey the inner thoughts and feelings of the creator. Exaggerated lines, twisted shapes, and vibrant colours are common characteristics of expressionist paintings. Some of the most well-known examples of Expressionist art are the creations of painters like Wassily Kandinsky and Edvard Munch.

The Starry Night – 1889

Vincent van Gogh
The Scream – 1893

Edvard Munch


Early in the 20th century, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque created the art movement known as cubism. It is distinguished by its geometric shapes that are dispersed and its use of various perspectives. Abstracted landscapes and figures are frequently depicted in cubist paintings, which are frequently made out of a variety of geometric shapes.

Guernica – 1937

Pablo Picasso
Mandora – 1909-1910

Georges Braque

‘Pop Art’

A 20th-century movement called Pop Art first appeared in the middle of the 1950s. It is distinguished by its usage of images from popular culture as well as by its vivid colours and strong lines. Pop Art, which gained popularity in Andy Warhol’s creations, frequently incorporates recognized motifs like ads, famous people, and comic book characters.

The Marilyn Diptych – 1962

Andy Warhol
Crying Girl – 1963

Roy Lichtenstein

These are just a few of the numerous art movements that have influenced how we view and value art. Each movement has left an everlasting impact, ensuring that art is a dynamic and ever-evolving aspect of our life.

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